A mountainous paradise embroidered with oases of Persian culture, Tajikistan offers epic road trips and unforgettable vistas. With more than 93% of the terrain dominated by mountains the country is packed with sites for trekking and climbing. Rarely visited, the Pamirs are unjustly obscure and underrated for one of the great Asian ranges. Travel through tiny Ismaili smallholdings in steep sided gorges or cross vast Pamir valleys dotted with colourful Kyrgyz yurts, following one of the highest international highways in the world. Tajikistan is full of jaw-dropping sights and memorable experiences.

You’ll discover blue-tiled shrines, walled cities and Buddhist stupas reminding the visitor of its past as a stopping off point on the silk road and wonder why the monuments are not as famous as those of the country’s neighbours.


Fann Mountains TajikistanThis small but stunning mountain range is a perfect playground for adventure seekers. Towering mountains of over 5000 metres guard picture-perfect emerald green lakes, fringed by juniper forest. The maze of shepherd trails allows trekkers to roam the valleys and passes where they may be invited to visit the locals for a mug of chai and a bowl of fresh yoghurt.


Pamir Highway TajikistanThe M41, better known as the Pamir Highway, is the second highest international highway in the world. Large parts are still unpaved and prone to avalanches, landslides and flooding, making this route perfect for an epic adventurous road trip. The Pamir Highway stretches from Termiz in Uzbekistan over the high-altitude mountain passes of the Tajik Pamirs to Osh in Kyrgyzstan, for a total journey length of 1250km. It is one of the most spectacular mountain roads in the world and a must-do for all adventure travellers.


Uchkul TajikistanThe High Pamirs harbour the 77km long Fedchenko Glacier the largest in the world outside the Polar regions. It is fuelled by incredible high mountains, with Pik Ismoil Somoni the largest at 7495m (it was the highest peak in the former Soviet Union). The altitude, vastness and remote character of the Pamirs allow a small population of snow leopards to call this home. Known in ancient times as the roof of the world, the trekking possibilities are endless and you’re unlikely to encounter any other travellers. Experience it for yourself on our Pamir Mountain Lakes expedition to the region.


Wakhan TajikistanThe Panj river, the Oxus of antiquity, carves its way through the Wakhan Valley to drain into the deserts of Uzbekistan. It divides Tajikistan and Afghanistan, and also separates the Pamir Mountains from the Hindu Kush. On the Tajik side of the Wakhan Valley you can find a number of ancient fortresses and Buddhist stupas which emphasize the historic importance of this valley. Halfway through the valley there is the Bibi Fatima hot spring, which is said to boost women’s fertility. The valley has fine views over the six and seven thousand metre peaks of the Hindu Kush.


Ismoil TajikistanTajikistan’s capital has a very European air, with a handful of stand-out sights. Tree-lined boulevards and neoclassical facades make it hard to believe that you are just a step away from China, Afghanistan, and the sub-continent. The museum of antiquities houses some interesting relics of the region’s Greco-Buddhist heritage, including a 13 metre-long Buddha statue. Dushanbe is dotted with parks, complete with beer and kebab stalls, making it a great place to unwind after a week or two in the mountains. Rudaki Park named after the father of Persian literature is in the centre of the city and marries modern and traditional formality.


Rudaki Tomb, PenjakentCradled in a river valley close to the Uzbek border, old Penjakent can be found above the modern town. The best mosaics and frescos have been excavated and taken to museums to preserve them yet there are still many extraordinary ruins of the ancient Sogdian trade centre. Up the valley can be found Sarazam, the 5000 year-old proto-urban area that is a UNESCO world heritage site. Hidden amongst the mountains is the mausoleum of Rudaki, the father of Persian poetry and Tajikistan’s national poet.


E-visa to be obtained in advance


It can get cold in Central Asia, especially at night. Temperatures at night can drop below freezing.


For up to date exchange rates please have a look at www.xe.com


Two prong European style systems (types C and F).


Poor internet connection/speed.


Bread is a staple. Regional variations but popular dishes include dumplings, grilled meats and rice, all frequently served with vegetables.


Alcohol is permitted and is widely available.


Tajik. Russian commonly spoken.


Islam. Sunni majority.


No special dress code.


The FCO considers Tajikistan to be a low risk region to travel.


Christopher Baumer – The History of Central Asia (tetralogy)

Trips in Central Asia

Marathon of Afghanistan

    Marathon of Afghanistan

    Cultural, Marathons

    The Marathon of Afghanistan will take place in the Bamian province, amidst the mighty mountains of the Hindu Kush in central Afghanistan. The astonishingly beautiful valley, a UNESCO world heritage site, is recognised as one of the safest provinces in…

    from $2,150
    Buzkashi in the shadow of the Buddha niches

      Afghan Winter Tour + Buzkashi


      We start in Kabul before taking a short flight across the Hindu Kush to Herat, the most architecturally complete city in Afghanistan. Then we will move on to Bamian where we spend three days exploring the valleys, the Buddha niches…

      from $4,450
      Afghan Ski Challenge

        Afghan Ski Challenge


        Untamed Borders was the first company to run ski trips to Afghanistan in 2011. 2021 will be our 11th season running ski trips to Afghanistan, and we have again been asked by the organisers of the Afghan Ski Challenge to…

        from $2,500

          Trekking Turkmenistan


          Often referred to as the ‘North Korea of Central Asia’ and being at the crossroads of various civilisations for centuries, Turkmenistan has a multitude of historical, cultural and natural sites to discover. Our 14-day trek in Turkmenistan takes you to…

          from $3,675

            Unseen Kyrgyzstan

            Cultural, Trekking

            Kyrgyzstan, an offbeat destination renowned for its trekking and horse riding, is an ideal place to discover nomadic culture at a grassroots level. There are plenty of rarely-visited locales to explore throughout this centuries-old Central Asian nation, and our two-part…

            from $2,600
            Trekking Tajikistan: Pamir Mountain Lakes

              Trekking Tajikistan: Pamir Mountain Lakes


              We will be traversing through the heart of the mountain range. Along the way, we will stay in the homes of the Pamiri natives, camp near centuries old caravanserais and explore the shores of shimmering blue Alpine lakes.

              from $2,550

                Trek The Wakhan


                A 22-day journey to visit the land of one of the world’s last and least visited nomadic cultures: the Kyrgyz of the Afghan Pamir. We will begin and end in Tajikistan’s capital Dushanbe before travelling along the dramatic Pamir Highway…

                from $4,300
                Man with bird cages Kabul Afghanistan

                  Melons & Grapes Grand Afghan Tour


                  Each autumn we run a trip to Afghanistan and we think it's the perfect time to visit, and all because of the fruit. How can land that appears to be made entirely of bare rock produce melons as large as…

                  from $4,450

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